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Ann Geriatr Med Res > Volume 20(2); 2016 > Article
Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society 2016;20(2):94-101.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4235/jkgs.2016.20.2.94    Published online June 30, 2016.
Association Between Constipation-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Dietary Habits of the Elderly Aged Over 65
Sam Cheol Kim, Hyung Ho Choi
<sup>1</sup>Department of Family Medicine, Chosun University Hospital, Gwangju, <sup>2</sup>Department of Family Medicine, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea
65세 이상 노인의 변비형 과민성 장증후군과 식사습관과의 상관관계
김삼철<sup>1</sup>, 최형호<sup>1, 2</sup>
<sup>1</sup>조선대학교병원 가정의학과, <sup>2</sup>조선대학교 의과대학 가정의학교실
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common diseases of the digestive system, with a worldwide prevalence of approximately 20%. However, studies on constipation-predominant IBS in the elderly are scarce. Since Korea has the highest elderly population, with 38.2% of its population expected to be aged over 65 years by the year 2050, a study on the presence of IBS in this population is warranted.
METHODS
In the present study, IBS was defined and classified according to the Rome III criteria. This study was performed by using the case and control method at the outpatient Department of Family Medicine and the health promotion center of a hospital in Gwangju. The questionnaire for the demographic characteristics and dietary habits was administered to 128 patients with IBS and 193 controls.
RESULTS
Individuals who had a tendency of overeating for >3 days a week, compared to those who had a tendency of overeating for <2 days a week; those who had spicy food for >3 days a week, compared to those who had it for <2 days a week; and the time of meals showed statistically significant results. Meanwhile, the number and regularity of meals and having breakfast were not relevant factors.
CONCLUSION
The weekly frequency of overeating and intake of spicy food as well as short time for meals are related to constipation-predominant IBS in the elderly aged above 65 years.
Key Words: Irritable bowel syndrome, Dietary habits, Elderly, Constipation


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