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Ann Geriatr Med Res > Volume 16(3); 2012 > Article
Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society 2012;16(3):114-120.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4235/jkgs.2012.16.3.114    Published online September 30, 2012.
Long-term Care Hospital Systems in Developed Countries and the Implications for Korea
Hyunjong Song
Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service, Seoul, Korea. hjsong@hiramail.net
요양병원 기능에 대한 고찰: 외국 사례와의 비교를 중심으로
송현종1
건강보험심사평가원
Abstract
BACKGROUND
This study was to provide an analysis of long-term care hospitals in major foreign countries and to ultimately drive suggestions for the role of the long-term care hospital system in Korea.
METHODS
Services, composition of the workforce, admission criteria, and collaboration with related organization were reviewed. Japan, Canada, United States (US) and the Netherlands were selected for analysis using the case study research method.
RESULTS
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) defined long-term care hospital as long-term care beds in hospitals. A few OECD countries institutionalized long-term care beds in hospitals, focusing at palliative care or geriatric care. In Japan, Canada, US, and the Netherlands, all having similar long-term care hospitals as Korea, a key difference was that the hospitals in these four countries provide comprehensive post-acute and nursing care. They have clearly defined admission criteria by preadmission review and systemization of referral from other organizations.
CONCLUSION
Based on this review of the systems in foreign countries serving as examples for Korea and considering the policy needs and the present problems raised by providers, discussions on the future role of long-term care hospitals in Korea should be conducted.
Key Words: Long-term care, Hospitals
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