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Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society 2002;6(3):233-238.
Published online September 30, 2002.
Immunohistochemical Study on the Distribution of Estrogen Receptor-alpha in the Hippocampus of the Normal Aged Rat
Eunju Lee, Dong Hoon Shin, Choong Ik Cha, Young Soo Lee
면역조직화학염색을 이용한 정상 노화 흰쥐 해마에서의 알파 에스토로젠 수용체의 분포
Abstract
BACKGROUND
In recent years, estrogen has also been shown to modulate the development and function of the brain, bur not exclusively in areas involved with sexual behavior. Among the most novel and fascinating effects of estrogen are those on cognitive function and memory process and their alterations during aging and neurodegenarative disease like Alzheimer. Estrogen receptors distributed not only in the hypothalamus but many different areas, like cerebral cortex, hippocampus, basal forebrain, midbrain, spinal cord, and the diverse action of estrogen is supported by this fact. Numerous studies suggest thai estrogen may be beneficial in preserving cognitive function, but it is not clear yet. PURPOSE: In this study, we perform the immunohistochemical staining in the hippocampus of normal aged rat, and show the distribution of estrogen receptor compared with the neonatal rat.
METHODS
we have used antibodies against a estrogen receptor(ER)-alpha to determine their distribution in neonatal and aged SD rat hippocampus.
RESULTS
In neonatal rat hippocampus, ER-alpha immunoreactivity was observed in the nucleus of Purkinje cells, whereas in aged rat hippocampus, ER-a immunoreactivity was found mainly in the cytoplasm of Purkinje cells.
CONCLUSION
We showed the age related intracellular differential distribution of ER-alpha immunoreactivity in the rat hippocampus. But, further investigations are required to establish whether functional relations like cognitive ability exist with this different intracellular expression of ER-alpha immunoreactivity.
Key Words: Estrogen receptor, Irnmunohistochemistry, Hippocampus, Aged rat


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