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Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society 2003;7(4):295-304.
Published online December 31, 2003.
Diseases and Health Service Utilization Patterns of Geriatric Inpatients
Hyeon Ju Kim, Seong Chul Hong, Sang Yi Lee, Myeung Ju Kim, Seung Wook Hwang
노인 입원 환자의 질병 양상과 의료이용 실태
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Recently elderly people have increased in Korea and increased demands of medical service. This study was carried out to identify diseases and health service utilization patterns of geriatric inpatients to provide better understanding and basis planning to meet the needs of expanding geriatric population. METHOD: We use data of `Patient Survey in Korea` in 1999 and analyzed characteristics of disease structure and utilization patterns of health care service of 54,013 cases of discharged patients aged 65 years or more. RESULT: The proportion of the elderly in total discharged patients is 14.7%. Male to female ratio is 1:1.3 and most common age group was between 65 and 69 years old. 84.2% of elderly patients were admitted at secondary or tertiary health care facilities. The most common disease in geriatric inpatients is malig- nancy in male and vascular disease in female. The average duration of hospitalization is 14.2 days. They stay longer than the nation wide average hospital length and stay longest when they are admitted by mental and behavioral disorders.
CONCLUSION
Geriatric patients are admitted mostly with chronic degenerative diseases such as neoplasm and vascular disease. Elders prefer to be admitted to tertiary hospitals and oriental hospitals. They stay more in hospital.
Key Words: Geriatric inpatient, Disease Pattern, Health Service Utilization
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