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Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society 1999;3(2):28-36.
Published online June 30, 1999.
The Effects of Longterm Stretching Exercise on Health Related Fitness of the Elderly Women
Young Soo Jin, Yong Kweon Kim, Eun Kung Park, Hye Jung Choi, Joon Young Park
장기간 유연체조가 고령여성의 건강체력에 미치는 영향
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of regular stretching exercise for 1 year on health related fitness of the elderly women. We also determined whether the weekly stretching exercise sessions followed by intensive stretching exercise program was beneficial to maintain the altered health related fitness status. The thirty elderly women (F, 80.1+/-6.6 yr) were participated in this study. Subjects had no serious orthopedic problems. During the study period, they did not perform any regular physical activity beside the stretching exercise. The 1 year stretching exercise programs included 3 days/week stretching exercise session for the first 12 weeks followed by 1 day/week stretching exercise for rest of the study period. The subjects were tested 6 categories of health related fitness factors which included % body fat, flexibility, hand grips, back strength, balance, and agility. The summary of the results of this study were as followed: 1) There were significant increase in FFM and slightly decrease in %BF and WHR after the 3 days/wk stretching exercise program. However, there were significant decrease in FFM and WHR after the 1 day/wk stretching exercise program (p<.05). 2) There were significant increase in flexibility, hand grip strength (Rt.) and balance after the 3 days/wk stretching exercise (p<.05) while hand grip strength (Lt.) and back strength were slightly increase after the exercise. However, there were significant decrease in hand grip strength (both) and reaction time after 1 day/wk stretching exercise program while flexibility, back strength, and balance were slighly decrease after the program. In conclusion, this study showed that the 3 days/wk stretching exercise for 12 weeks result in significant increase of all health related fitness factors (p<.05). However, it showed that some of the HRF factors were decreased after the weekly stretching exercise unexpectedly.
Key Words: Stretching exercise, Health related fitness, Elderly
초 록

본 연구의 장기간 동안의 규칙적인 유연체조가 고령 여성의 건강체력에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지를 알아보고, 처음 3개월 동안 주당 3일을 실시한 이후에 주당 1일을 운동할 경우 건강체력의 변화를 알아보고자 함이다. 피검자의 연령은 평균 80.1±6.6세였으며, 심각한 정형외과적 질환은 없는 자로 하였다.

본 연구의 실험을 위해 3개월 동안은 주당 3일을 40분 동안 유연체조를 실시하였으며, 그 이후에는 주당 1일을 40분 동안 유연체조를 실시하였다. 검사는 사전 그리고 3개월 후, 1년 후에 실시하였으며, 체지방과 함께 건강체력요소 즉, 유연성, 약력, 배근력, 평형성, 전신반응을 측정하였다. 1) 유연체조를 주당 3일 실시한 후에 제지방체중은 유의하게 증가하였으며, 체지방과 WHR은 약간 감소하였다. 그러나 주당 1일을 실시한 후에는 제지방체중과 WHR은 유의하게 감소하였다.(p<0.5).

2) 유연체조를 주당 3일 실시한 후에 유연성과 우악력, 평형성은 유의하게 증가였으며(p<0.5), 좌악력과 배근력은 약간 증가하였다. 그러나 주당 1일을 실시한 후에는 악력(좌, 우)과 전신반응을 유의하게 감소하였으며(p<0.5),유연성과 배근력, 평형성은 약간 감소하였다. 결론적으로 12주 동안 주당 3일의 유연체조는 고령 여성의 건강체력을 유의하게 향상시키지만, 주당 1일의 유연체조는 고령 여성의 건강체력이 감소된다는 것을 알 수 있다.



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