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Ann Geriatr Med Res > Volume 19(2); 2015 > Article
Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society 2015;19(2):71-79.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4235/jkgs.2015.19.2.71    Published online June 30, 2015.
The Effects of Occupational Therapy and Music Therapy on Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Pilot Study
Eun Ye Lim, Dong Won Yang, Yong Soo Shim, Bora Yoon, Yun Jeong Hong, Myoung Sung Moon
<sup>1</sup>Department of Neurology, Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, <sup>2</sup>Mapo-Gu Health Cener, Seoul, <sup>3</sup>Department of Neurology, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, <sup>4</sup>Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
경도인지장애 환자의 집단 작업치료 및 음악치료의 효과
임은예<sup>1</sup>?양동원<sup>1,2</sup>?심용수<sup>1</sup>?윤보라<sup>3</sup>?홍윤정<sup>4</sup>?문명성<sup>2</sup>
가톨릭대학교 의과대학 서울성모병원 신경과<sup>1</sup>, 마포구 보건소<sup>2</sup>, 건양대학교 의과대학 신경과학교실<sup>3</sup>, 울산대학교 의과대학 서울아산병원 신경과<sup>4</sup>
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at an increased risk for developing dementia, especially Alzheimer disease; and pharmacological therapy for MCI is limited. As a result, nonpharmacological mediums have been considered to complement standard drug therapy. In this study, we evaluated the effects of nonpharmacological therapies, occupational therapy and music therapy, on cognitive functions and depressive mood in MCI patients.
METHODS
We enrolled patients with MCI from the Mapo Dementia Center and divided them into two groups, group A (n=14) who participated in a cognitive program for 12 months and group B (n=15) who did not participate in a cognitive program. We compared the baseline and followed-up scores of the Korean-version of Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE), the Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery (SNSB), and the short version of geriatric depression scale (sGDS) between the two groups.
RESULTS
Group A showed improvements in total and language scores in the K-MMSE and digit span backward scores in the SNSB and sGDS. In contrast, group B showed a decline in the Seoul Verbal Learning Test recognition score in the SNSB. Additionally, there were significant intergroup differences in the total and language scores in K-MMSE, the digit span backward score, and the Rey Complex Figure Test-delayed recall scores and depression scores.
CONCLUSION
Occupational therapy and music therapy may help to improve cognitive functions and depressive mood in patients with MCI.
Key Words: Occupational therapy, Music therapy, Mild cognitive impairment


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