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Ann Geriatr Med Res > Volume 19(4); 2015 > Article
Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society 2015;19(4):205-217.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4235/jkgs.2015.19.4.205    Published online December 31, 2015.
Practical Application of Resistance Exercise for Prevention of Sarcopenia
Hee Jae Kim, Dong Hyun Yoon, Byunghun So, Jun Seok Son, Han Sol Song, Dae Young Kim, Su Seung Hwang, Min Ji Kang, Dong Won Lee, Gayoung Han, Wook Song
<sup>1</sup>Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sport Science, Seoul National University, Seoul,<br> <sup>2</sup>Institute on Aging, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
근감소증 예방을 위한 저항성 운동의 실제적 적용
김희재<sup>1</sup>&#10625;윤동현<sup>1</sup>&#10625;소병훈<sup>1</sup>&#10625;손준석<sup>1</sup>&#10625;송한솔<sup>1</sup>&#10625;김대영<sup>1</sup>&#10625;황수승<sup>1</sup>&#10625;강민지<sup>1</sup>&#10625;이동원<sup>1</sup>&#10625;한가영<sup>1</sup>&#10625;송 욱<sup>1,2</sup>
서울대학교 스포츠과학연구소 건강운동과학연구실<sup>1</sup>, 노화고령사회연구소<sup>2</sup>
Abstract
Sarcopenia is a major component of age-related frailty and also a strong predictor of disability, morbidity, and mortality in the aging population. Resistance exercise could be the most effective intervention that improves muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance, thus preventing sarcopenia in older adults. The benefits of these exercise programs correlate with the intensity and the frequency of the exercise regimes used in the trials. Clinical trials vary in terms of population, setting, and exercise regimes; hence, more standardized clinical trials are required. In this review, we focus on the effects of resistance exercise on muscle mass, strength, cognitive and physical function, and the principle and applications of resistance exercise considering recent trends that include high-intensity interval training, high speed power training, eccentric exercise, and whole-body vibration exercise.
Key Words: Sarcopenia, Resistance exercise, Frail elderly, Muscle strength
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