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Ann Geriatr Med Res > Volume 20(2); 2016 > Article
Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society 2016;20(2):102-107.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4235/jkgs.2016.20.2.102    Published online June 30, 2016.
Vitamin D Deficiency in Nursing Home Elderly in Korea
Hye Young Jung, Mu Young Kim, Jung Man Kim, Do Wi Kim, Chae Bong Kim
1Department of Family Medicine, Seoul Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. moowija@hanmail.net
2Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
노인요양시설 거주 노인의 비타민D 결핍
정혜영1, 김무영1, 김정만1, 김도위1, 김채봉2
1서울의료원 가정의학교실, 2고려대학교 보건의학교실
Recent studies report that nursing home elderly (NHE) have significantly lower serum levels of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25-OHD) than community dwelling elderly (CDE); however, in Korea such studies are lacking. We aimed to compare the vitamin D status between NHE and CDE in Korea.
This study included 203 patients over 65 years, admitted to the geriatric department of Seoul Medical Center between 01/2015 and 12/2015. Their medical records were reviewed for demographic data, type of residence, medical and drug history, serum 25-OHD, albumin, creatinine, and calcium levels, and geriatric assessment results. After excluding 36 subjects who had taken vitamin D supplements, anticonvulsants, or steroids, 33 NHE and 134 CDE were included for final analysis.
Almost 80% of subjects showed a vitamin D deficiency (25-OHD <20 ng/mL); 54% were severely deficient (25-OHD <10 ng/mL). NHE had a significantly lower serum 25-OHD level than CDE (5.47±2.95 ng/mL vs. 14.72±11.35 ng/mL, p<0.001). Serum 25-OHD level was related to serum albumin level, the Geriatric Depression Scale score, and the Korean version of the Mini Mental State Examination score (p=0.004, p=0.041, p=0.032, respectively). After adjustment for confounding factors using multiple logistic regression analysis, diagnosis of severe vitamin D deficiency was more likely in NHE than CDE (odds ratio, 8.72; 95% confidence interval, 1.53-49.81).
This study suggests a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Korean NHE. To prevent falls and osteoporotic fractures in this population, vitamin D supplementation should be considered.
Key Words: 25-hydroxyvitamin D, Nursing homes, Osteoporosis, Accidental fall
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