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Ann Geriatr Med Res > Volume 14(4); 2010 > Article
Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society 2010;14(4):221-226.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4235/jkgs.2010.14.4.221    Published online December 31, 2010.
A Clinical Review of Geriatric Patients with Pelvic Bone Fractures
Dong Won Kim, Jeong Yeol Seo, Moo Eob Ahn, Jae Sung Lee, Tae Hun Lee, Nam Ho Kim, Jun Hwi Cho, Joong Bum Moon, Chan Woo Park
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Kangwon National University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea
노인골반 골절환자에 대한 임상적 고찰
김동원1.서정열1.안무업1.이재성1.이태헌1.김남호1.조준휘2.문중범2.박찬우2
한림대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실1, 강원대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실2
Abstract
BACKGROUND
The purpose of this study was to compare clinical aspects of pelvic fractures in an aged group with a non-aged group and to delineate its characteristics to improve prevention and treatment.
METHODS
Medical records and radiological examinations of 100 cases were reviewed. Two groups were created, older than 65 years and younger than 65 years. In addition, the following were carefully examined and recorded-gender distribution, cause and types of fractures, associated injuries, Injury Severity Score (ISS), Glasgow Coma Scale, need for intensive care unit admission, duration of hospitalization, and mortality rate.
RESULTS
A difference in gender distribution was seen with 12 males and 26 females in the aged group and 35 males and 27 females in the non-aged group (p<0.05). The mechanism of injury for the aged group in decreasing order was pedstrian accidents, falls, and passenger accidents while it was passenger accidents, pedestrian accidents, and falls for the non-aged group (p<0.05). Level of severity was higher in the non-aged group for fracture type, ISS, Glasgow Coma Scale, intensive care unit admission, and hospitalization duration. However, when ISS was greater than 15, this was seen in the aged group with also a higher mortality rate in the same group.
CONCLUSION
Education and prevention, particularly about gender distribution and mechanism of injury, of pelvic fractures in the aged population are needed, and because of the potential seriousness of fractures in the elderly, active assessment and treatment are also necessary.
Key Words: Geriatric, Pelvic bone, Fracture


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