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Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society 2002;6(2):130-139.
Published online June 30, 2002.
Prevalence of Osteoporosis and Related Factors in the Elderly Women Over 60 Years of Age
Min Ho Shin, Hee Young Shin, Eun Kyung Jung, Jung Ae Rhee
60세 이상 노인여성에서 골다공증 유병률과 위험요인
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Osteoporosis is the most common metabolic bone disorder. Osteoporosis has emerged as a leading public health problem with elderly persons and its detection is important for prevention and treatment of fracture. this population-based study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of osteoporosis in the elderly women.
METHODS
One hundred thirty eight women aged 60 years or older in rural area were investigated with questionnaires and measurements of height, weight. Bone mineral density(BMD) measurements of lumbar spine and femoral neck were made with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry(DEXA). The World Health Organization criteria for diagnosis of osteoporosis using the manufacturer's young adult population mean and our study young population mean have been applied. Our study's young adult population mean was derived using normal premenopausal 37 women aged 30~45 years.
RESULTS
The prevalence of osteoporosis was 45.7% for lumbar spine, 13.0% for femoral neck by the manufacture's young adult mean and 63.0% and 34.8% by our study young adult population mean, respectively. Weight and smoking were associated with lumbar spine BMD. Age was associated with femoral neck BMD.
CONCLUSION
Our data suggest that the prevalence of osteoporosis is dependant on reference population mean and measurement site.
Key Words: Osteoporosis, Risk factor, Prevalence, Elderly women


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