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Ann Geriatr Med Res > Volume 20(3); 2016 > Article
Annals of Geriatric Medicine and Research 2016;20(3):114-117.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4235/agmr.2016.20.3.114    Published online September 30, 2016.
Starting Construction of Frailty Cohort for Elderly and Intervention Study
Chang Won Won, Yunhwan Lee, Jaekyung Choi, Ki Woong Kim, Yongsoon Park, Hyuntae Park, In Hwan Oh, Hyuk Ga, Young Sun Kim, Hak Chul Jang
1Elderly Frailty Research Center, Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea. chunwon@khmc.or.kr
2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
3Institute on Aging, Ajou University Medical Center, Suwon, Korea.
4Department of Family Medicine, Research Institute of Medical Science, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
5Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, Seoul National University College of Natural Sciences and Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.
6Department of Food and Nutrition, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
7Department of Health Care and Science, Dong-A University, Busan, Korea.
8Department of Preventive Gerontology, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu, Japan.
9Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
10Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Incheon Eun-Hye Hospital, Incheon, Korea.
11Department of Gerontology, Graduate School of East-West Medicine Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
12Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea.
Abstract
A research project, the "Construction of Frailty Cohort for Elderly and Intervention Study," funded by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, has been ongoing since December 2015. The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS) aims to identify risk factors for adverse outcomes associated with frailty in community-dwelling older adults, as well as means of prevention. KFACS is a multicenter, longitudinal study, with the baseline survey being conducted in 2016–2017. The sample (n=3,000) consists of those aged 70–84 years, stratified by age and gender, recruited from urban and rural regions nationwide. An in-person interview and health examination are performed every 2 years. This project is also conducting many intervention studies. Project interventions focus on nutrition and exercise. The nutritional intervention study compares the effects of 1.2 g/kg versus 1.5 g/kg daily protein intake on sarcopenia and frailty in older Koreans. The exercise trial examines the effectiveness of an information and communication technology-based program in preventing or reducing frailty.
Key Words: Frailty, Cohort, Intervention, Nutrition, Exercise


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