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Nursing Home Residents’ Level of Knowledge About Urinary Incontinence
İlkim Çıtak Karakaya, Semiha Yenişehir , Mehmet Gürhan Karakaya
Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Muğla, Turkey
Correspondence to: Semiha Yenişehir, PT, MSc https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3928-2207 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Kötekli, Muğla 48000, Turkey
E-mail: ysehir.semiha8@gmail.com
Received: January 10, 2019; Revised: February 1, 2019; Accepted: February 2, 2019; Published online: March 14, 2019.
© The Korean Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved.

2019 by The Korean Geriatrics Society This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: A common problem in nursing home residents, urinary incontinence (UI) canlead to hygiene and skin problems, sleep disturbance, and decreased quality of life. This study evaluated the level of knowledge regarding UI among nursing home residents in Muğla, Turkey. Methods: This study included 64 (19 females, 45 males) nursing home resident volunteers. Their physical and sociodemographic characteristics; daily living activities (Barthel Index); and the presence, frequency, severity, and type of UI as well as its impact on daily living were evaluated (International Consultation on Incontinence QuestionnaireShort Form) and history of treatment was queried. An Incontinence Quiz was used to assess the residents’ knowledge of incontinence. Results: The participants were living in nursing homes for 34.48±33.16 months. Their educational level was low and most were single. The mean Barthel Index score was 89.75±13.00. Twenty-five participants had UI (18.8% urge, 4.7% stress, 15.6% mixed/other type), and the mean International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form score was 8.08±4.24. Forty-four percent of the participants had no treatment and none had physiotherapy for incontinence. The mean Incontinence Quiz score was 4.88±1.96, indicating a low level of knowledge. The items with the highest ratio of incorrect responses (second and 14th) were related to the causes of incontinence and care seeking. Conclusion: These findings underscore the necessity of increasing knowledge among nursing home residents about the reasons and health care options for UI. Further studies on appropriate strategies to improve UI knowledge in this population will be of great value.
Keywords: Aged, Geriatric assessment, Incontinence Quiz, Knowledge, Urinary incontinence


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