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Ann Geriatr Med Res  <  Volume 22(4); 2018 <  Articles

Ann Geriatr Med Res 2018; 22(4): 184-188  https://doi.org/10.4235/agmr.18.0044
Analyzing the Factors Associated With Nocturia in Older People in the United States
Joo Seop Kim1, Hye Soo Chung1, Jae Myung Yu1, Sung Tae Cho2, Shinje Moon1 , Hyung Joon Yoo3 ; for the Geriatric Syndromes Society
1Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea ,2Department of Urology, Hallym University Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Internal Medicine, CM Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Shinje Moon, MD, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3298-3630
Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, 1 Singil-ro, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul 07441, Korea
Tel: +82-2-829-5198, Fax: +82-2-846-5198, E-mail: sinjei1128@gmail.com
Co-corresponding Author: Hyung Joon Yoo, MD, PhD. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7755-9246
Department of Internal Medicine, CM Hospital, 13, Yeongdeungpo-ro 36-gil, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul 07301, Korea
Tel: +82-2-2678-0001, Fax: +82-2-2678-2175, E-mail: hjoonyoo@gmail.com
Received: November 12, 2018; Revised: November 20, 2018; Accepted: November 21, 2018; Published online: December 31, 2018.
© The Korea Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: The risk factors of nocturia in older adults remain unclear. We aimed to investigate factors associated with nocturia using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data. Methods: Among 40,790 participants, 4,698 participants aged ≥65 years were included from the NHANES dataset between 2005 and 2012. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the odds ratio (OR) for nocturia. A subgroup analysis was conducted based on sex and underlying diseases. Results: In the multivariate logistic regression model, obesity (OR, 1.46; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.28–1.68), hypertension (OR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.07–1.52), and diabetes mellitus (DM) (OR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.11–1.45) were significantly associated with nocturia. These factors were associated with nocturia regardless of sex. In a subgroup of participants with hypertension, obesity (OR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.25–1.67) and DM (OR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.09– 1.45) were associated with nocturia. In the additional analysis on patients with DM, nocturia was associated with obesity (OR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.06–1.67) and duration of DM (OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 1.01–1.03). Conclusion: This study demonstrated that hypertension, DM, and obesity were significantly associated with the prevalence of nocturia in older adult patients regardless of sex. In particular, obesity was associated with nocturia in every subgroup analysis.
Keywords: Obesity, Nocturia, Aged


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