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Ann Geriatr Med Res  <  Volume 19(1); 2015 <  Articles

J Korean Geriatr Soc 2015; 19(1): 1-8  https://doi.org/10.4235/jkgs.2015.19.1.1
Sarcopenia in Korea: Prevalence and Clinical Aspects
Kyoung Min Kim, MD1,*, Soo Lim, MD1,*, Kyung Mook Choi, MD2, Jung Hee Kim, MD3,
Sung Hoon Yu, MD4, Tae Nyun Kim, MD5, Wook Song, PhD6, Jae-Young Lim, MD7,
Chang Won Won, MD8, Hyung Joon Yoo, MD4, Hak Chul Jang, MD1;
Sarcopenia Study Group of Korean Geriatrics Society
1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University
College of Medicine, Seongnam,
2Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul,
3Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul,
4Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Kangnam Sacred Hospital, Seoul,
5Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan,
6Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Department of Physical Education,
Seoul National University, Seoul,
7Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University
College of Medicine, Seongnam,
8Department of Family Medicine, Kyung Hee University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Received: March 10, 2015; Revised: March 20, 2015; Accepted: March 23, 2015; Published online: March 31, 2015.
© The Korea Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Sarcopenia has been defined as the considerable loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength that results in frailty in the elderly. Because muscle tissue plays diverse important roles in human, sarcopenia presents many negative health-related consequences including impaired energy homeostasis, falls and cardiovascular disease, and subsequently higher mortality. It is becoming evident that sarcopenia has a negative impact on the healthy life of the elderly. The European Working Group on Sarcopenia, the International Working Group on Sarcopenia and the Asian Working Group on Sarcopenia have released position statement regarding sarcopenia, and more recently the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Sarcopenia Project has provided a new guideline for assessment of sarcopenia. At this time, there have been several data delineating the status of sarcopenia in Korea. This review focuses on largescale cohorts that assessed sarcopenia and highlights the controversies surrounding the clinical definition and prevalence of sarcopenia in Korea.
Keywords: Sarcopenia, Frailty, Elderly, Appendicular lean mass


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